Monday, 27 May 2013

CSAT 2013 Solved Paper (paper-II)

1. In a rare coin collection, there is one gold coin for every three non-gold coins. 10 more gold coins are added to the collection and the ratio of gold coins to non-gold coins would be 1:2. Based on the information, the total number of coins in the collection now becomes
(a)90      (b)80     (c)60      (d)50
Initial ratio = G:N = 1:3                   ---(1)
After adding 10 gold coins, the ratio becomes (10+G):N =  1:2     ---(2)
On solving (1) & (2), we get, G=20 and N=60.
Presently, the total number of coins in the collection = (10+G)+N= 10+20+60=90
Ans: (a)

2. A gardener has 1000 plants. He wants to plant them in such a way that the number of rows and the number of columns remains the same. What is the minimum number of plants that he needs more for this purpose?
(a)90      (b)24     (c)32      (d)34
If the number of rows and number of columns are to be equal, then the total number of trees will be in the form of x2, which is nothing but a perfect square. As 1000 is not a perfect square, we need to check for a perfect square above and nearest to 1000.
It’s 1024, which is square of 32. So he needs to add 24 more trees to get 1024.
Ans: (b)

Tuesday, 14 May 2013

Numerator/Denominator confusion

I observed that a bit of confusion prevails while simplifying fractions. The confusion is about which number will go to numerator part and which number will go to denominator part. This post is intended to clear the confusion.

Consider a fraction in the form (a/b)/(c/d).
Let us call the variables like this:
a – Numerator-numerator
b – Numerator-denominator
c – Denominator-numerator
d – Denominator-denominator

Wednesday, 1 May 2013

Stuff for school kids (standard 5 to 10)

I thought of providing some stuff for students studying in the range 5th to 10th standard. This stuff is a combination of two sets. One is Math&Logic based and the other is Knowledge based. This stuff is a mix of some questions that are based on math fundamental concepts and remaining questions that are based on commonsensical and out-of-box thinking. These do not look like standard questions that are given in school-level exams but mostly resemble or can act as base for the math and logic aptitude sort of questions that are asked in various entrance exams. My primary intention is to inculcate in kids an interest and liking on maths. I strongly opine that math solving skills are very much needed to excel in diverse fields of studies ranging from Science, Engineering to Economics, Management studies etc.
To be frank on my part, I am starting this post with small number of questions at hand but I will try to enrich this bit bank by updating it from time to time.